Laravel Specific Standard Operating Procedures that keep us true to the Community Standards
For local development, you’ll need to have at least Vagrant and VirtualBox installed. This is used by Homestead (a special vagrant box made for running Laravel apps). Although you can use the traditional WAMP/MAMP/XAMPP stack, those are not officially supported, thus you might have hard time down the road.
Pure “Laravel-way” frontend development might be a daunting one as it got has a long chain of technologies. You can either use Laravel Blade which is server-side templating or do client-side (browser), which at the very top of the chain is Mix, a wrapper for Webpack. Webpack has its dependencies managed through npm, all of which are packages of NodeJS.
While you are not required to understand them all at once, it is advantagous that you are at least familiar with these and do some reading about what they are and where they are being used. This will save you tons of confusion when reading the documentation and references in the future.